The cat is the first Bengali race obtained by crossing a domestic cat with a wild feline (cat leopard). In 1963 in California, Jean Sugden had coupled his Asian leopard cat with a domestic cat, in order to retain some characteristics of the leopard cat. In 1973, Dr. Centerwall repeated the same attempt, in order to be able to study the resistance of the leopard cat to feline leukemia virus. The researchers' findings were disappointing, but the hybridization was used to create the Bengal. The first specimens obtained had a wild character and somewhat nervous and only after a lengthy selection with domestic cats and pedigree cats, as Egyptian Mau, American Shorthair, Siamese and Burmese, were obtained from cats milder character.
In 1991 Bengal was recognized as a breed.
It 'a sturdy, muscular cat, has an elongated shape, the massive body, large and powerful, the strong bone structure and well developed muscles, especially in males.
Size: up to 8-9 kg male and female around 6 kg.
Head: a measure of the smallest body, the head should resemble that of the leopard cat, the chin should be very visible, "the cushions of his mustache" apparascenti and large, the profile quite direct, long face and skull to the round back.
Ears: small or very small, rounded at the tips and wide at the base.
Eyes: eyes large, round or slightly almond shaped, of any color.
The brown Asian leopard cat is very popular among farmers
Tail is relatively short or medium length, thick and with a rounded tip, held downwards instead of domestic cat that has always.
Legs: robust, hind ones longer than the front.
Coat: Short, close fitting and incredibly smooth and silky.
Colors: Brown / Black Spotted Tabby and Snow leopards (snow leopards), both with and stains well pronounced in color from reddish brown to deep black.
rufus or rufous: is a family of colors that, according to its intensiveness, goes from bronze-brown to red mahogany
sorell: is a family of color with bright red spots of the same color, but more dark
cool colors: it is a family of colors including beige, sand, wheat, the influence of sensation or rufous sorell
golden: a mutation that is very shiny silver from gold-butter, very rare but highly sought
sepia snow (snow leopard Sepia) burmese color, chocolate brown in spots and cream-coddled as a background, the eyes are green to golden-brown, the tip of the tail is black
mink snow (snow leopard Mink) the color of Tonkinese, chocolate-cream and cream-spoiled spots in the background, the eyes are by water-green to light green
snow lynx (Lynx snow leopard), the color of the Siamese, white spots on the body and pi'r dark on the tips of the body, blue eyes or blue
whited: the belly or the "sottocorpo" the cat is white. Disappeared in the first cross between the Asian leopard cat and domestic, is returning slowly, but it is still very rare and much appreciated. It can vary from a touch of white on the legs with a design that is the same as the real leopards and gepardi
melanistic: the mutation black. Do not accepted as a Bengal, recorded under the name "Pantherette". It can be used in breeding Bengal
Silver: Silver, new color, recognized since May 2004, coal-black spots or griggie with an almost white background, but also very light Grey. The Silvers are very sweet character, having recently descended from the American Shorthair
They recognized the drawing to "rosette" and marbled. The first is nothing but a spotted pattern, ie, small patches well distributed all over the body, slightly modified (round spots with a lighter central portion). It 's preferable that the stains, like those of the leopard, are horizontally aligned (in other cats the distribution of the spot is vertical).
In the marbled design there are three parallel lines on the back very broad and butterfly wings on the shoulders and hips.
Among the marbled Bengal are two types of designs - the tiger and the exotic. The marbled tabby tabby pattern is the most orizantale and elongated. The marbled tabby has always been a sort of "bullseye" in a circle disengo. The exotic is a marbled misculio between rosettes and brindle and any "bullseye" is recognizable - the design flows such as those of the piton. The exotic is much more rare is much appreciated. The Improvements have a marbled background and clear disengo edged very dark.
Life expectancy: 15 years
Sweet and affectionate cat is active, intelligent and need space to play. Accept coexistence with other animals (including cats and dogs).
Over the years the Bengal cat has been rigorously selected character sweet, intelligent, loyal and affectionate. Even so Bengal has not lost all the predatory instinct and likes to climb, stand, up, kick. Accustomed to life in an apartment or house from an early age, cats are spectacular in the home and family.
Very active in him are the ancestral memories of the wild cat is quick and prudent, but look at the aquarium or cage birds ...
It fits nicely in a flat provided he can show his vehemence without encountering too many restrictions especially when they are young. Males do not have sterilized it difficult to live with other males, like all breeds, and each has its own personal Bengal.
His coat, short, smooth and shiny requires minimal cure.Solo during the period of the suit must be stepped up brush to remove dead hair. Excellent for this purpose are the brushes his teeth and crooked and are also particularly useful latex gloves or chamois leather moistened who passed on the mantle, remove the excess hair.
Every 2 weeks to clean the eyes with a damp cloth and regular nails.
He needs a supply of high quality, but not too rich. Croquettes of high quality based on the stage of growth are very important. At the base of their long development of the Bengal, especially males, are considered puppies until a year or talvota a year and a half. They have a delicate digestion A little bit and it is important to give them the remains off the table.
Food prepared at home are almost exclusively raw chicken or raw meat not too fatty. Milk and milk products are not recommended.
The female has the 1 ° heat around 9 months, but it is advisable to wait until a year and a half before her match. Gestation lasts about 60 days and are born on average 4 to 5 puppies.
Males are considered puppies for the first year - year and a half and can show a level of sterility up to complete their maturation.