European

European Cat


Shorthaired breeds | Longhaired breeds


European Cat

europeo

The European cat, a very special friend

It 'called the "cat par excellence" but there are those who also calls it the "cat's cat." In fact, if we think of a cat comes to mind to force him, round her head, compact body, large eyes, slightly oblique, the tail that tapers to a point. And 'the cat of European race, the common house cat.

"Municipality" is a term which however must not be misleading. By common, seen as cheesy, this cat has nothing. One is inclined to regard him as a "second category", something very different from the aristocratic and exotic breeds such as Persian or Siamese. But in reality, the EU is not only a real race, recognized and accepted in shows, but also one of the most noble. The fact its origins are lost in the mists of time and it seems that this cat is descended directly from ancient Egyptian cats, once considered the equal of the gods.

And 'the cat still the most popular ever. It is estimated that in Italy the feline population is around seven million and a half people, and almost all are Europeans. And 'therefore the most loved, most photographed, as required. And also the protagonist of fables, tales, and cartoons. Belong to this breed the cat with boots of the fairy tale, the famous Sylvester, Tom the cat and the Romeo of the Aristocats by Walt Disney. Europeans are the cats that inhabit the Coliseum, and those who walk unmolested in the streets of Venice. And they are the darlings of the "gattare", caring ladies who bring the food to cats without a master.

I write and here, on the couch next to me, I have two Europeans. Amneris and Butterfly watching me carefully. I think I know who I'm talking about them. The European race is the result of a selection lasted for centuries, and took place in complete freedom. When our European caress So, let's do it almost with reverence, is a cat town. And 'the direct descendant of the North African wild cat, the ancestor of all existing cats now. This little cat was living in the areas of the delta of the Nile, driving with great skill the snakes and rats that inhabited the marshes. It is thought the ancient Egyptians were the first to befriend him and to put it in their everyday lives. The Egyptians were masters in the forge with animals and immediately realized that the cat could really come in handy. When the Nile overflowed and flooded crops, a variety of small animals, frogs, snakes and mice, invaded the fields. The cats then they proved unbeatable in the chase. They were so important that people believed them to be of divine origin. The goddess Bastet was in fact represented the woman's body and the head of a cat. Animals were venerated, and when one died, the members of the family to which he belonged, he shaved his hair and eyebrows as a sign of mourning. The animal was then mummified and buried with full honors.

Nobody could do harm to a cat. The penalty was death. And you could not even get them out of Egypt, because they were a national treasure. But the Phoenicians, experienced smugglers, also succeeded in the enterprise. It is enriched with a lot of cats because they trade in Europe, and especially in Greece, people had become aware of their worth in combat mice, a task that previously reserved to the weasels and martens. The Phoenicians, Greeks and Romans also all the people who traveled by sea, then helped to spread a little cat 'anywhere. Soon became the favorite animal from the sailors, because it is able to control mice in the holds of ships. The republic of Genoa, for example, "took" even the cats, with a regular paycheck, and even Christopher Columbus when he made his voyage to the Americas, had a couple of cats, one male and one female of each of its caravels.

Strong, resistant to disease to the point that said "to have nine lives" seems coined for him, able to adapt to any type of weather, the European cat owes its success mainly to the character. A mixture of affection and independence. Who owns a knows. Becomes attached to a lot caregiver but at the same time manages to maintain a slight distance, as if he wanted to reserve the passage of time alone to meditate.

Roberto Allegri

HISTORY

The European cat is from North Africa and arrived in Europe thanks to the Phoenician merchants. He had suffered a tremendous success for both its beauty and talents as a skilled hunter of mice and robust. It seems that the Genoese merchants even considered him a good luck charm, so much so that he never failed on ships leaving for distant destinations. In the 60 farmers in northern Europe have established the type and standard. In 1980, the European has received official recognition.

HOW 'DONE

Strong bones, strong and muscular.

Size: Medium-large. The male reaches 6 kg, the female can reach up to 4.5 kg.

Head: Round seems, actually has a face longer than broad, with well developed cheeks, forehead and the skull is rounded and the neck is well proportioned.

Ears: Medium size, rounded end conpunteleggermente. Well-spaced at the base have some tufts of hair sticking out from inside the pavilion.

Eyes are placed slightly slanted towards the nose and may be green, yellow, orange and blue, but also learn, in the specimens with the white coat. The expression is lively and intelligent.

Body: robust, strong, with broad chest and well developed muscles.

Legs: Strong and powerful, of medium length, strong and round feet.

Tail: Strong at the base and with slightly rounded ends.

Coat: Short, dense, shiny, elastic and close to the body.

Color: the variety of coat are very numerous, and the standard accepts all varieties of color. The combination of drawings of his coat is so truly infinite. This is due to the continuous crossing of genetic traits through breeding occurred just checked, especially in the past. Among the colors of the coat that is perhaps considered the most typical of the breed is tabby who, among other things, it remembers the distant origins of the European Championship.

Life expectancy: 12 years

CHARACTER

The European cat is active, clever, curious, loves to hunt small animals. The females in particular, become attached to the entire family. It easily adapts to any room apartment, terrace, garden or in large spaces. It 'should give him freedom to roam and wander. Resistant to cold temperatures. Cats of the white variety are more militant and authoritarian.

CURE

Having short hair does not require very sophisticated toilet: you just brush it 1 or 2 times per week, intensifying the operation during the moult. They are very useful and rubber brushes to smooth and polish the coat you can use a moistened chamois leather, which passed on the surface, facilitates the removal of dead hair. We must get used to the bathroom as a kitten, using special shampoos for cats with short hair and take care to dry it perfectly.

POWER

It 'a cat strong and sturdy with a great appetite. We recommend the use of pre-packaged foods because they offer a double control: the quality, because they are always respected the right proportions of nutrients in the administration and also on the amount, because it is easier to measure out the amount of food to be given. It 's very good and very popular with the dry food that should not be served as a' sweetener 'but as a food in the true sense of the term. The dry food should not be given 'more, but replace the traditional meal and be distributed in the right doses during the day. The neutered cats tend to gain weight easily so they need more control and possibly the administration of low-calorie food.

REPRODUCTION

They breed very frequently (2-3 times a year). Gestation lasts on average just over 2 months and the female does not need special care. Hardly the pregnant female has problems and even childbirth does not require intervention by the owner (his presence is not always recommended). The pups were on average 4/7 for delivery. Puppies should be weaned at about thirty days and you should give him food specially designed for puppies so that they are provided, in the right proportions, all the substances they need.

 


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A question of teeth

 

I met a veterinarian friend had not seen for a while '. Out of his office with a bandaged hand and when I asked him what had happened I said: << It 'was a Persian cat a little' grumpy. I tore my wrist with a bite. >> I thought it must have been very painful.

We often forget, but also cats bite and they do seriously. In general we think that the jaws are "dog stuff" cats and prefer instead to use their claws, but just look closely at the teeth of our little friend to realize that things are not so. His teeth are those of a predator, equal in all respects to those of a tiger and differing only in size. Therefore represent a real weapon.

A cat has thirty teeth, twelve small incisors, eight premolars, molars, six and four long, sharp canines. The incisors are very minute and serve, together with language, to scrape the bones of prey. The premolars and molars, which are not flat but sharp as razors, used to grind food and that explains why cats when they eat meat, always grasp the side of the mouth.

The four canines rather represent a separate discussion because they are a marvel of engineering. Long, sharp, sharp and very robust are also richly innervated and this makes the specialized sense organs. With the canines, the cat "feel" and so its bite is very precise. It 's been discovered that the canines would for a cat that jumps on a mouse to locate the exact spot where the bite to kill prey instantly. The researchers calculated that the bite of a cat leaves the prey a chance to escape in a million.

In view of all this is easy to see that my veterinarian friend is forced to go around with his hand bandaged. Cats scratch to defend themselves and to keep out intruders. But seriously when they go to blows, then use the teeth and in that case there's trouble.

The chewing muscles are extremely powerful and able to give the teeth a great force, the force that the cats used to break the bones of prey killed. A similar "equipment" however, requires daily medication. Cats who live in the wild clean their teeth and keep them in the form chewing the bones and cartilage, tendons and skin of animals they kill. But the citizens of cats, which eat mostly soft foods such as those of the boxes, can not do that and end up with their teeth become covered with tartar. In addition to bad breath and the weakening of the teeth themselves, tartar can also cause infection and bacteria generated may end up in the blood reach the heart and cause heart ailments.

So what to do? You should brush your teeth to their pets several times a week using appropriate products. In specialty stores are also selling the brushes, abrasives, rubber thimbles that fit on a finger and then go past the cat's teeth with a special toothpaste. But, anyone who has tried to implement the operation, knows how difficult it is shown that the cat agrees. Most often it is impossible to force him to undergo cleaning and the only thing to do is to resort to the veterinarian. Beware though, the cleaning of tartar by the doctor should be done only in cases very severe. Otherwise it is good to accustom the cat to eat dry food that helps keep the teeth in good.

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