The cat with no tail
In nature there are spontaneous mutations that generate animals sometimes bizarre. And when these mutations persist in several generations, it creates a race. And 'what happened in the Manx, a very special cat because it has no tail. The Manx is originally from the Isle of Man in the Irish Sea. And 'massive, his hair is as soft as that of rabbits and the rabbits just like the rounded shape and its typical pace hopping. Not all Manx but are devoid of the queue. There is a variety "Rumpy", which is totally free of the appendix, with a dimple at the base of the spine, the variety "Stumpy" which instead has a short stump of the tail and then the variety "Longy" that instead of the corner ce 'almost normal. The curious fact is that the tailless Manx cats can not reproduce with each other because they produce puppies with serious defects that do not survive childbirth. So, the cats "Rumpy" (without the tail) should mate only with specimens of other varieties to be small and carry the genetic mutation over time. But the strangeness of the Manx is not only its appearance but also its history. Being a cat the Irish and the Irish being a people who love fairy tales, the Manx is surrounded by fascinating legends. He recounts, for example, that this cat had a long tail, thick and beautiful. But when there was the Great Flood, the cat came late to the Ark of Noah, just as the doors were closing. To avoid falling to the ground made a great leap, he entered the Ark, but at that moment the door closed and cut off his tail. Another story says that instead was to cut a dog with a bite, the long appendix of the Manx. Dog and cat were also enemies on the Ark of Noah and the dog, out of spite, broke cleanly through the tail of the cat. This, ashamed suffered amputation jumped into the water and swim to the island of Man, which later took the name. But it also says that in 1801 a ship has been wrecked in front of Jurby Point, on the shores of the island of Man, and that a cat without a tail is dipped in water and have swum to shore. There is also a Celtic legend that tells how the sow magic Henwen one day turned into a cat and since pigs have short tails that explains the reason for the curious aspect of the Manx. But you also said that the Manx was a lazy cat and affectionate during the day but at night it is transformed into the king of the elves, and journeying along the country lanes on a chariot of fire to search for men who beat up the cat and avenge the wrongs traveled to smaller felines. Folklore aside, the Manx cat is very affectionate and playful. But his behavior has some bizarre nuance, just like all other related topics. In fact, in some ways, this big cat looks like a dog. The great affection which demonstrates against the master, who goes with you step by step, is very "dog" and so the habit of bringing the objects that you run, dig and bury the toys, when he hears a growl suspicious noise. His passion is quite pear feline hunting for mice. The Manx is a formidable hunter, fast, lethal and relentless, and for this reason is preferred by the cat who lives in open country abounding in small rodents. But be careful. This does not mean that the Manx always love being outdoors because, like all cats, greatly appreciates the convenience of the couch, the warmth of the heater or the stove and a beautiful bowl full of jelly.
The science says that this race comes from a genetic mutation occurred in the island of Man off the North Sea. The Manx was first presented in 1900 in an exhibition English, but as often happens, the fame came only after the emigration to America in 1930. Here, in fact, has found admirers who took the right to engage in the evolution of the breed. A legend tells that he lost his tail as he climbed on the Ark of Noah to escape the deluge. The first club of the breed originated in England in 1901. Currently there are two types of Manx: the American, rather than by short stature, stocky and square and the English, more slender than the last. There is also a semi-long haired Manx Cymric called.
The Manx is a cat of medium size, solid and compact body, ends with a rounded rump while the back is tilted forward as the height of the hind legs is higher than the front. Particular, his gait, swaying and bouncing a little, enough to be compared to that of a rabbit. The spinal column is different from other cats, because the vertebrae are shorter and pull over. Its main feature is the absolute lack of a tail, although many specimens retain a trace.
Size: medium (between 3.5 and to 5.5 kg).
Head: Broad and round. The cheeks are prominent and the nose is of medium width, without a defined stop. Her neck is short and strong.
Ears: Set apart, wide at the base and slightly pointed, are medium sized and hairy inside.
Eyes: Large, round, brilliant and slightly oblique and can be dark blue, orange or learn (ie a different color), copper, green, depending on the mantle, which in turn can have different designs and colors.
Legs: the front is shorter than rear. The skeleton is massive and feet are large and round, bearing in shades of coat color.
Coda: there are in 4 varieties. Exposures may participate in only those with tailless (Rumpy). The other varieties are used for breeding farms.
Rumpy: is the perfect representative of the breed, is totally devoid of the tail and, at the point where the tail should start, there is a small but characteristic hollow, sometimes covered with a tuft of hair.
Rumpy-RISER: it has a very small section of tail, formed by a three-sacral vertebrae.
Longy TAILED or MANX: it has a tail almost entire, normal and curled.
Stumpy: the stump of the tail does not exceed 3 cm and has from 1 to 3 caudal vertebrae.
Coat: soft, soft and shiny, with a thick undercoat and thick.
Colors: The standard allows for a huge amount of colors, designs and shades (except those typical of some breeds such as Burmese, Abyssinian or Siamese). The colors may be:
Solid colors: totally black, white, red, cream or blue shell of tortoise, blucrema without stripes, spots, or reflections of other color shades.
SMOKE: only a small part of the hair is white-silver and the mantle has tips tinged with blue slate.
Chinchilla: the Chinchilla undercoat is silver white, with the tip of the hair color for about 1/8 of its length. The chin, the abdomen area and tufts of ears are white.
SILVER SHADED: it has a silver white part of the hair, but at the same time a darker because the coloring of the tips covers about one third of the length of the hair.
Average life: it can exceed 15 years
It 's a smart cat, lively and with excellent reflexes, is a born hunter. Cheerful and playful, is affectionate with his family, is not shy with strangers, although it can be aggressive with those who do not like. It 'a very homely cat: even if he has the chance, out in the open only rarely. Do not need much space and fits easily in any situation. Resists the cold, but still loves to stay warm. Much like the objects and chasing them back, just like a dog.
Because of its dense undercoat needs daily brushing. Occasionally it is good to submit to a full grooming. It should never be brushed or patted on the back so strong because it could not hurt. To polish the surface, simply wipe with a soft woolen cloth. Eyes and ears should be kept clean by rubbing gently with a damp cloth or even better with specific products which cleanse the skin without giving disturbance to the cat.
Anything goes, but you should be aware of the amount, since it tends to gain weight easily. It can be fed with processed foods or foods prepared at home. If you opt for the fresh food is important to supplement your diet with vitamins and minerals. His diet is still recommended that based on packaged foods moist or dry, as it ensures a complete and perfectly balanced intake of nutritious foods for your precious health. His diet should never be changed quickly, so if you switch to another type of power or just change the brand of a pre-packaged food, do so gradually. Always let your cat to clean fresh water.
The play is rather problematic because not only is it difficult to maintain the unique and characteristic lack of tail, but also because more and the intersection of two specimens of the variety Rumpy Manx kittens that generates, presenting malformations in the vertebrae, have died in the womb or immediately after delivery. The race, in fact, to grow strong and robust, it must be built with heterozygotes, ie carriers of the Manx gene. The variety Rumpy therefore, to ensure the survival of the puppies must be coupled with the variety Stumpy, variety or varieties Longy Rumpy riser. To rebalance the blood lines, many breeders cross breed Manx with the European, the American Shorthair or British Shorthair. In this way it decreases the risk of "spina bifida", a defect often letale.Il Manx has a slow growth, so it is best to breed the female after 3 years of age. Gestation lasts about 2 months. During pregnancy you should feed the animals by providing all the food it needs and supplementing the diet with vitamin compounds and mineral salts. May arise up to 4 kittens. Usually the mother does not need special care, just the fact a box or a basket lined internally with sweaters or blankets and placed in a warm and secluded. The young open their eyes from day 7 to day 10 of life, and for about 3 or 4 weeks fed only breast milk. Weaning occurs at 30-35 days and the puppies can be fed with baby food or specific products.