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Scottish Fold - Highland Fold

Scottish and Highland Fold Cat


Shorthaired breeds | Longhaired breeds


Scottish and Highland Fold Cat

scottish

 

 

 

HISTORY

The first cat fold (from "folded") of which there are clear traces is Susie, a white female, born in Scotland in 1961, but probably the true origins of the breed are to be found in Manchuria. In fact, as often happens when it comes to mutations, the event would have gone completely unnoticed if the spouses Ross, who lived on a farm nearby, were not fans of this unique cat and if they had not purchased a daughter two years after. This was coupled with this breed and in 1966 the Ross recorded their cats like scottish fold. It was felt that the ears were bent due to a dominant gene (enough so that it was present in only one of the parents because they could be transmitted to the children). In 1974 the breed was recognized. Since 1987 he has been recognized the Highland fold (or fold longhair). The characteristics required by the standard are identical to the Scottish Fold shorthair, except of course for the fur, which must be semi-long and soft texture.

HOW 'DONE

Only when the puppy reaches 4 weeks of age can determine if an adult will have folded ears.

Size: medium-large

Ears: small and folded forward, close to the head, must give the impression of roundness to the skull.

Eyes: Large, round, well spaced, with wide open and sweet expression.

Body: with medium bone and muscles strong

Legs: proportionate and medium bone, round feet

Tail: Medium length, flexible.

Coat: short and dense, elastic resistance. There is also a semi-long coat and the coat with a soft texture.

Colour: The standard allows many colors (white, gray, beige, tan). The coat can be striped or have shadows

Life expectancy: 13-15 years

CHARACTER

The Scottish Fold and Highland Fold is a quiet cat, becomes attached to his master, which tends to follow anywhere. It 's a lovely cat, which is not a problem at home. Curious, playing with small objects and hides everything that appeals to him. It 's suitable for apartment life. If you can, however, comes willingly and is a skilled hunter of mice. Tolerates low temperatures. He needs company and is a playful: it should be left just as little possibile.Si suitable for all accommodations, but prefers to stay close to the master

CURE

During molting its shell is brushed every day and dead hair removed carefully. Check and clean the ear and the folds of the ears. The cleaning of the ears should be done very gently and with a certain constancy. The wax tends to accumulate in the folds and is the main enemy of these cats. If not removed with frequent cleaning, is likely to go into the pavilion folded, giving problems of infection and lowering of hearing, even if it is a phenomenon quite contained.

POWER

It can be fed with dry food and wet.

REPRODUCTION

The female goes into heat for 9-10 months. The male to one year. Wait until the second heat to breed before the female. Gestation lasts 62 days. Litters consist of 3-6 pups. Up to 3 months the puppies love the contact with the mother cat, then start with available human friendship and trust.

 


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THE PUBERTY 'AND THE HEAT

The age at which they occur in the first cat sexual behavior varies depending on the season, the presence of sunlight and race. It is located on average about six months in the short-haired breeds (especially in Siamese, Burmese and European) and later in longhaired breeds (some Burmese and Persian cats reach sexual maturity until around 2 years old). The cat and 'a kind that heats "poliestrali seasonal".

This means that the cat is in heat and stays there for 7-15 days, then has a period of quiescence (one to four weeks), then another heat and so on. The cat goes into heat when it stops eating, is constantly rolling on the floor, rubbing his neck and head against every accessible object, emitting agonizing howls as those of an infant, usually proves to be more affectionate to their owners, rarely becomes aggressive and responds to caresses of the owner by suspending the act of rubbing, assuming a sphinx position with the neck extended, the pelvis raised, back arched and moving the tail to show willingness to mating. Usually, it all breaks down within a few days, but it is possible that the event is repeated several times during the year or even during a month. The male rather not go into heat. If it becomes restless, meows a lot, urinating outside the box and wants to run away from home is because he smelled a pussy in heat.

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THE PERIOD OF LOVE

For cats began the mating period.

With the arrival of spring, and until the autumn, we will often hear the heartrending cries of cats in heat, and the cries, sometimes very frightening, males engaged in territorial fights.

When the days become longer, the cats come into heat, reaching the apex of the reproductive cycle, and gather around them several suitors. Are several hours of light and darkness to act on hormones and to determine the changes in the behavior of females. They attract the males with irresistible appeal of meows but especially with a peculiar odor, which is called "pheromone", so fine that only the cat can feel wonderful smell. Finding time to compete for the right to mate, it happens that more males pay an angry struggle. Their threats, wailing and caterwauling of different intensity, they get up in the middle of the night: and the song of the cuckoo, which marks the arrival of summer, are a bit 'the soundtrack of spring. The fighting between male cats are mostly of attacks based on fake puffs, backs arched, ears attached to the skull and hair standing up. But when the rivals decide to go with the facts, the fights get really violent. Then you unsheathe the claws and the teeth become dangerous weapons. For this reason male cats when they purchase sexual maturity, they are "armored" on the neck and behind the ears, the skin thickens, until it is tough as leather. If it is satisfied if she touches a male cat behind the head. I have found even now, as I write. Through the open window came Caruso, a stray who occasionally comes to visit me, a "cat Gladiator", always involved in fights with cats in the area. It 'jumped on the desk and you are done pat for a few minutes, making me feel with your fingers all the scars that make him the warrior of the neighborhood. This is a normal thing for people living with a male cat. In this period and then throughout the summer, who owns a cat will know of his nervousness, loss of appetite and above that may suddenly disappear to be alive after a few days full of scratches and bruises. Those who have a female, will completely transform. It will be restless, anxious, in search of pampering more than usual, once ready to rub against the legs of his master, grumbling and purring.

We keep in mind one thing though. If we do not have the ability to accommodate future puppies in our family, then bring the cat to the vet to sterilize it. I know many people who are opposed to this, people who argue that nature must always take its course. This is a nice speech, in theory. But in practice, the number of stray cats is still rising and recent estimates say that nearly a half million homeless cats. Sterilization is the safest method to decrease the stray dogs. Allow their cat to have puppies and then abandon them to their fate is an uncivilized act only natural. Also, keep in mind that a cat neutered is quieter and generally less inclined to wander away from home: this fundamental thing for those who live in town or near a dirt road where the cars are due to the dangers lurking.

Even for a male cat can be used to castration, which dampens action at least in part the trend away from home looking for fights.

Both of these surgeries are very simple and involve minimal suffering to the animal. But it's good to talk with your vet and get advice from him to be able to make a decision.

Roberto Allegri

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COUPLING

Where cats are the freedom, the danger of the coupling is often the cause of violent fighting between male suitors. After some preliminaries, the coupling is very short and ends with a whimper acute female rejecting the male violently. In the hours that follow, several other pairs within a few minutes of each other give way all'ovulazioni. This perfect synchrony between mating and ovulation accounts for the high prolificacy of the feline species. A cat can be responsible for more than 200 descendants in less than two years. If as a result of a coupling the cat has not been fertilized, the heat will manifest again after about 20 days. Once the cat has been fertilized, gestation lasts about two months. It should be noted in any case, that the cat during heat or even, more rarely, in the course of pregnancy can be fertilized by more than males. Then it is suggested, in the case of a coupling programmed to take precautions of isolation.

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THE PREGNANCY AND CHILDBIRTH

In cats, the period between mating and birth varies from 64 to 69 days. The signs that confirm the pregnancy are: recruitment of maternal behavior, redness of the nipple to the third week, abdominal bloating, weight gain. Pregnancy can be confirmed by your veterinarian as early as the seventeenth and twentieth day, through abdominal palpation, or with an ultrasound after the fourteenth day. You can also perform an X-ray, but only after 40 days, since before the fetal skeletons are not yet visible. There are still laboratory test to diagnose pregnancy in cats. When you arrive two weeks before delivery is advisable not to let the cat and will help teach her how to use the kennel that you have prepared (eg a cardboard box open on one side and from above, lined with cotton and sheets of newspaper, which are easy to change). The kennel will be placed in a secluded and warm and if the cat prefers a different place, spostategliela. It is recommended to close the drawers, cabinets, sideboards, because cats often choose these places to go to give birth.

The stage of labor lasts from 12 to 24 hours and cat shows restless, breathes at an accelerated pace, makes voice calls and constantly purring, may vomit and may leave a few drops of blood or clear fluid from the vagina. If you press gently nipples come out of the drops of milk. At this stage it is good that the cat is in the doghouse that you have prepared, as if moved suddenly, it may voluntarily suspend or delay delivery and find a quieter place, or may, in the middle of labor, shift the first born, deferring until later the expulsion of others. The delivery usually takes from 2 to 6 hours and the interval between the birth of a kitten to the next is about 30 to 60 minutes. The cat initially is constantly licking her vulva and then a bubble appears dark that the fetal membrane, through which you can see the kitten. The birth of the first kitten may take 30-60 minutes and often scratch mother emits sharp meows. After the birth of each kitten, following the expulsion of the membranes and placenta, the mother cat will tear with the teeth in order to free the kittens and she will even cut the umbilical cord. It may happen that after the birth of the first kittens, delivery is interrupted and then resumes quietly after 12-24 hours. Some cats during labor desperately reassuring proximity of the owner who, in this case, must be close to her, until the mother cat decides to turn all their attention to the kittens. If the birth occurs on a regular basis, and the little mother cat licks its genitals, began to eat heartily and took a relaxed attitude and blessed.

If difficulties arise in labor, call your veterinarian.

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KITTENS FOR BREASTFEEDING

Mother cat nursing kittens typically for about fifty days. Gradual weaning can start from the fourth week, when the pups begin to explore the surroundings of the nest breast spontaneously. If that mother cat is unable to nurse the kittens, you will have to resort to 'artificial feeding.
ARTIFICIAL FEEDING AND WEANING THE KITTENS

Read the full article on how to breastfeed and wean the kittens in the diet '

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THE STERILIZATION OF THE CAT

With sterilization are eliminated unwanted heat-related behaviors (meow incessantly, urinate around the house ...) provided that the intervention is performed at the appropriate age, if you wait too is likely that these behaviors persist. After sterilization, the cat walks away from home less, thus reducing the danger of contracting certain dangerous diseases. Early in the cat sterilization reduces the development of mammary tumors and uterus, and other diseases related to malfunction of the ovaries, you also avoid suffering to the cat and the cat, who wants to mate but can not because he is prevented.

The best time to sterilize the cat is when it presents the first heat, but this is not mandatory, recently it was discovered that earlier intervention takes place, but it should be performed before 6 months of age, and more decrease the risk of future diseases of the reproductive system. In male cats, neutering is recommended by 8 months of age.

The cat must remain fasting from 8 -10 hours before surgery, including Take away the bowl of water 2-3 hours before. The operation will be done under general anesthesia. When you are discharged may be awake or still reeling because of anesthesia. Keep this in a quiet place, do not jump to avoid the risk that they open the points and keep fasting until the day after surgery. The veterinarian will prescribe an antibiotic and advise you how to disinfect the wound. It 'important that the cat does not lick the wound, as with his rough tongue would delay the closure of the wound and infect the saliva, so it's better to put an Elizabethan collar. These recommendations are general, in any case your vet will tell you how you should behave before and after surgery. If the cat is perfectly healthy and is not allergic to anesthesia does not run any risk in making the transaction.

The 'INTERVENTION

The cat will be performed within inches of an incision on his belly, will find the ovary (or ovaries and uterus), will close the blood vessels that supply blood to prevent bleeding, and the ovaries will be exported. The procedure takes about 14 to 40 minutes, and the cut will close with some points of wire or "staples" that will be raised after 8-10 days.

The techniques used are three:

Ovariectomy: you export only the ovaries, in this way the cat should no longer be in heat.

Ovariohysterectomy: you export both the ovaries and uterus. It 'a more complex and the vet will decide whether to adopt this technique.

Salpingectomy or tubal ligation: are exported to the ducts that carry eggs from the ovaries to the uterus, so the cat will continue to go into heat but can not get pregnant.

In the cat is incised skin that contains the testicles (scrotum) and also in this case are closed vessels that supply the blood in the area, are then exported to the testes. Many vets do not apply any point since the wound is so small that it closes by itself the next day.

In males the actions may be of 2 types:

Orchiectomy: export testicles. In this case the cat does not manifest itself as sexual behavior.

Vasectomy: closure of the ducts that allow sperm to leave the testes. In this case the cat is sterile but retains the instinct to mate.

USE OF DRUGS

E 'can also delete the unwanted behavior of cats going into heat by making use of progestin drugs. These drugs, however, when used for a long time, can have serious side effects, increasing the risk of uterine diseases and conditions such as diabetes and breast cancers. So this technique makes sense only if you want to play it in the future.

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WHY YOU SHOULD HAVE A CAT STERILIZE

In front of the symptoms of heat, the owner of the animal tries, in most cases, a solution. Here are some possible choices:

1 - DO NOT DO ANYTHING
Tolerate the situation that determines, in a way is not difficult to imagine, considerable distress for both animals and humans

2 - DO ALLOW THE NATURE
In this way it stimulates the reproduction. This option also involves a series of problems, including shoulder the burden of having to arrange the kittens and then "once again directly face" the problem each reproductive cycle.

3 - GIVE THE DRUGS
The cat may be given medicines to hormonal action, whose effect is to suppress the heat. Their use is not recommended, however, because in the long run these drugs are very harmful to the female (onset of breast cancer, pyometra, etc.). Use instead of natural products (homeopathic or herbal remedies) to alleviate the symptoms of heat does not always yield good results.

4 - SEEK TO SURGICAL STERILIZATION
It 'a radical approach without side effects that can solve the problem permanently, with many benefits for both the man and the animal.

When they hear about surgical sterilization cat owners are assailed by doubts, more or less legitimate:
A neutered cat get fat easily?

Sex hormones are involved in the process of assimilation of the fat body but this does not justify why some neutered cats tend to gain weight while others stay in line. In the next step in the development of the body which has around a year of life, the cat, neutered or not, tend to deposit excess fat. Very often, however, is the guilt that leads the owner to pay off emotionally rimpinzandolo the animal food.
After the operation tends to change character and lose his instinct and his vivacity?

Sterilization does not affect the character of the animal and its way of dealing with the outside world. To limit the behavior becomes more stable. It 'still to know that after 12/18 months of age, all cats become more level-headed. They tend to get lazy, they sleep longer and play a lot less but this is often due to the lack of stimuli and distractions. The owner is giving new vitality to awaken the interest, perhaps by inserting a new pup.
It 'better to sterilize a cat after the first heat?

It is a popular belief without foundation. The surgery can be performed even during the first months of life, usually after 6 months.
A neutered cat can go into heat?

Deprived of the ovaries and testes, both young adult, a cat does not produce more sex hormones, so it can go into heat. Some impulses (incessant meowing, marking the territory but not more fragrant tendency to wander) can still occur but does not depend on impulse, but by habit. For this reason it is advisable to carry out sterilization / castration by the year of life. The situation is different but for the sterilization of "partial" ie vasectomy for males (ligation of the testes) and tubal ligation for women. Both are not recommended as these, while keeping intact the instinct of the cat making only sterile, it does not protect people from diseases that could contract during mating.

Surgical sterilization is a practice still shrouded in doubt, false assumptions and erroneous interpretations, but it is a matter of indisputable fact that still brings several advantages:

Improves coexistence: The neutered cats are more balanced from the psychological point of view. Furthermore, the females will no longer be induced to flee in search of a partner during the period of heat (estrus) and males (which unlike as has often been led to believe NOT go into heat, but also to respond to the call received great distance of females) do not run the risk of getting lost, having accidents, fighting with their own kind for territorial supremacy and will mark their territory with secretions from the smell very unpleasant.

It prevents stray: If we let nature take its course every cat partorirebbe least once in their life (?), An average of 6 children. Let's use 3 males and 3 females that within a couple of years, in turn, would generate a further 18 small and after a further two years would become 54. In 5 years would be just under 700 kittens looking for family. Finding suitable accommodation is impossible, so going to exacerbate the already complex problem of stray cats.

This prevents certain diseases: Mainly preventing diseases of the genital tract. Among these are:

- Cancer of the breast (almost always malignant) and infections of the uterus in female cats, as well as viral diseases that can be contracted with the sexual act itself (FELV-FIV-FIP).

- Diseases of the prostate and testicular tumors (not very common but not common in neutered cats) in males and transmitted viral infections as well as during mating, also from bites and scratches that you suffer in the struggle for the conquest of territory or of the female .

We must remember that cats neutered tend to remain more readily at home, maintain their behavioral characteristics and are more durable. Sterilization is therefore an act of love. Think about it.

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MOTHER CAT AND KITTENS

That hard work to make the kitten!

Few things fill the soul of tenderness as seeing a cat lying on its side, with its tiny newborn suckle. And pure poetry, recounts the life that goes on and explains the dedication of all mothers.

The cat is inert. Is completely abandoned, in the hands of children. They seem balls of hair, weak and defenseless. And the extraordinary thing is that even if their life started a few days ago, have already begun the hard work of growing up.

Their eyes are still closed. They have a big nose as the head of a pin. They move by crawling, trembling and spewing acute and meows. And they are anything but idle. Within a few months it must "toil" a lot: they must learn to walk, to eat, to make dressing, playing, hunting alone. That kitten is in fact very challenging task.

When the kittens are born they weigh about a pound, which is 3 percent of the weight that will then have to be adults. But their brain is really rather large and weighs even 20 percent of the adult. This is because in the neonatal period puppies should store a huge amount of information and make their own all those behaviors that are then their habits for a lifetime.

They are blind and deaf but are oriented in the doghouse with the sense of smell, touch and heat to find the mother's nipples and start sucking. This is their first task, sucking milk. And closer to the cat to eat, from the earliest moments demonstrate the character that will be great because once you choose a particular nipple, defended tenaciously by the other brothers who are approaching, with the nose and pushing them away.

Two weeks before they open their eyes. A five and walking three already know they run and play. They are also beginning to make themselves regarding the toilet. Mother cat licks them from birth and they learn to associate the cleaning of the kennel with the warmth and affection of the cat. For this reason, once grown up, will resort to the toilet not only to keep the hair in perfect order but also as a remedy against stress or fear. It is not hard to see it suffering or frightened cats intent on licking in a spasmodic just to calm down.

Kittens also formed in the first weeks of their social bases. Puppies separated too early from his mother and brothers, growing up insecure, terribly shy, fearful or even aggressive. And the same happens to people, if the kittens have no contact with humans in their early periods of their growth. It 'so important if you live with a cat who has recently given birth, petting kittens and, after a few days, even pick them up because they learn to trust people and not fear them.

Mother cat, a perfect teacher, also strives to "explain" to the children how to hunt, bringing them into the nest some prey killed. Following provides them live prey because they are the kittens to chase and attack them. A cruel joke for those who attend but essential to the growth of fundamental importance for the psychic equilibrium of the puppies. The cat, let us always remember, is a pure predator hunting small and only become strong, confident, ready to fend for themselves also.

If we have a litter in the house, do not forget that if you allow nature to take its course, only if you give a mother cat the time to educate the young, to teach them the techniques of hunting and ambush, only if you leave the kittens free to play with their knowledge of doing so physical gifts you can then enjoy the company of cats Balanced, sociable and independent. Just as we like.

 

 

1. A serious breeder does not give a puppy the first 75 to 90 days of life, so he had plenty of time to be with his mother to learn from her the things essential for his future life.
In general, most farmers prefer to sell them but at 90 days.
Some association requires its members to sell them after 90 days.
2. Whether 75 or 90 days, it is good that the puppy leaves the farm until it has been dewormed and vaccinated twice with the three-way, only in this case will be protected by the three most common and dangerous disease, panleukopenia - herpes virus - calcivirus.

Look good for your puppy

1. Remember it is your right to see the puppy well, touch, check to see if his character is well socialized, his state of health, and also to see the parents.
If you are not allowed to touch it, browse it well, or to see the parents, do not trust and contact with other livestock.
2. Your puppy should appear healthy, it must have drainage from the eyes or nose, alopecic areas must be free, must have a healthy and clean.
3. A breeder will be glad to devote the time to explain to you a little 'character of the puppy, its habits, its food, especially the latter which is very important.

The power supply

Each farmer seeks to nurture and to better her puppies.

So when it comes time for you to take home your puppy, the breeder will tell you with food that was grown in the small hours.

One thing I recommend is to follow his advice to the letter.

Do not let them convince veterinarians to change its shopkeepers from feeding your puppy, none of them knows him well as his breeder that he was born.

If you want to change your diet, you must do it gradually by putting a little 'time the new food.

A suitable passage lasts about a month.

A change of food too quickly can cause serious gastrointestinal disorders in a puppy can be very dangerous.
The stress of moving house

Each puppy when moving house, undergoes considerable stress that affects the immune system, lowering its defenses, so the puppy in the first 15-20 days of life in the new house, can manifest the disease at the time of purchase is not presented .

The most popular are cold - Conjunctivitis - fungal infection - diarrhea.

I want to say a few words to the fungus.

Most of the breeding cats are unfortunately sensitive to the spores of the fungus, which is manifested by a lowering of the immune system caused precisely by moving house.

Often a puppy that does not have any symptoms in the herd after changing the posters home.

This is not something due all'incuria or negligence on the part of the breeder, so do not think that he is responsible, because if at the time of sale the puppy not manifested, as you've been able to see you, not the could not predict the breeder.

The fungus is not a serious illness, but just annoying.

To try to prevent this, they only needed a good bath with antifungal shampoo a few hours before delivery of the puppy, so the spores are almost completely eliminated and the risk is lower.
The pedigree

1. The pedigree is that card that certifies that you have taken the puppy is pure breed.
Beware though, the pedigree does not guarantee that the puppy is fully standard compliant, that it is absolutely healthy.
The pedigree is only his family tree.
2. Many people wonder what a pedigree.
The pedigree in addition to be the pedigree of the cat, that card is that it allows participation in the expo, because any purebred cat without a pedigree can be written to the expo as a house cat only.
The pedigree also allows a tomorrow if you couple your cat with another cat of the same breed and pedigree, to place the litter and make the pedigree pups.
Without even one of pedigree parents, the pups themselves may not have the pedigree.
3. There are two types of pedigree
FOR BREEDING that is suitable for playback or NOT FOR BREEDING, not suitable for breeding.
A cat with pedigree NOT FOR BREEDING, will never have puppies with pedigree.
NOT FOR BREEDING The pedigree breeders decide to release it for various reasons.
The first is that although the cat of pure breed, not fully belonging to the standard, so it is best not to get him to mate.
Or the cat as it may be beautiful, in its genetic features of the genetic defects that could transmit to their children, this must not be made to reproduce, and usually it would be good as soon as the cat neutered.
Or another reason is because they refuse to do their work using other selection.
The pedigree FOR BREEDING, leaving the buyer free to decide whether or not to breed your cat without any limit.
4. There are associations that require their members to always release the pedigree puppies at all, but other associations allow you to choose whether or not to release it.
5. But the choice whether to buy a pedigree puppy with or without, must be exclusive of the buyer.
If a breeder refuses to let the time of the pedigree to explain the reasons, and if not convince you, changed farming.
If you decide to buy a puppy without a pedigree, but it reserved to change his mind within a certain time, put everything in writing, you will be protected by you and also the breeder.
This can avoid pesky lawsuits.
6. There are breeders who supply pedigree and transfer of ownership only to sterilization has been certified by a veterinary surgeon, before signing a contract that binds you to think again and be firm on what you want.
If you are not resolved, try a cat free from constraints.
Nobody can force you to buy that puppy and then to sign that contract, but if you do then you can not change your mind.

The transfer of ownership

It 'a very important element when buying a puppy with pedigree, but that few are aware.

When a breeder registers a puppy and it requires the pedigree, as well as be as a breeder, it is also the owner.

If you once bought a puppy, do not let the smooth transfer of ownership, the puppy will always be owned by the keeper.

This will let you in case of coupling can not register the puppies.

Another important thing.

The farmers about once a year, have the opportunity to take a census, and recorded as dead cats no longer on the farm and the new owners have failed to record on their behalf with the change of ownership.

 

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