Siamese Cat

Shorthaired breeds | Longhaired breeds

Siamese Cat




Its exotic origin have already been mentioned by name: Siamese, in fact, indicates the region of origin of this cat, the ancient kingdom of Siam, that the current Thailand. It is worth mentioning that its origins are narrated by many fascinating legends. The first historical evidence found in a manuscript preserved at the National Library in Bangkok. This is the famous "Cat Book Poems", found in the ancient capital of Siam, Ayudha, in some ways tells the origins of this cat. At home, the Siamese was not much appreciated by common people cherishing tabby cats from the mantle, and were always loved by principesse.Il Siamese lands in Europe in the second half of the nineteenth century, when the King of Siam made a gift of a pair of specimens to the British consul stationed in Bangkok. In the first cat show which were present were not very successful among the public. In later years, came two more units that participated in the exhibition at the Crystal Palace in 1981 and obtained the favor of many onlookers. The catofili Chefin beginning had a passion for this breed led by Harrison Weir; since back in 1889 drafted a standard premium, so the neo feline English clubs could accept the inclusion of the new variety. In France, the curiosity about these cats grew. Unfortunately the attempts carried out by Auguste Pavie soon failed and the specimens arrived in France survived for very little tempo.Dopo Siam, the second home was in England, with an increasing number of catofili interested in developing this new breed. Today, the Siamese has achieved excellent standard levels.


The Siamese has an elongated and thin but not frail, and well developed muscles give it a sleek and agile. The shoulders should not be wider than the hips. The neck is long and slender.

Size: medium size. The male can weigh up to 5 kg and the female does not exceed 4 kg.

Head: in proportion to the rest of the body. Must be elongated (in the form of a triangle).

Ears: large, wide at base and pointed.

Eyes are blue and have a characteristic oblique and almond.

Muzzle: sharp

Legs: long and thin and their feet are small and oval. The hind legs are longer than front.

Tail: long, slender and pointed.

Coat: The hair is thin, well-fitting, short and bright. The body color is lighter than the brands. The only exception is the Siamese white that has a uniform color.

Color: The color must be uniform over the body, and contrasting the point and on the mask (nose, eye contours and mouth)

Siamese point: tan, brown, blue, lilac.

Point color: red, cream, tortie version of all colors.

The four main colors are blue point, chocolate point, lilac point, seal point. The young subjects have a lighter coat and then, with advancing age tends to darken.

Since 1960 we have added new colors


The Siamese cat is a rare sensitivity and fidelity can give but also to demand affection in a very exclusive and possessive. He loves his master, follows him everywhere and shows his feelings at all times. It 'very communicative and extrovert, exuberant and lively temperament. It 'very active and intelligent and is considered the most trainable of the cats (it is not uncommon to see him accompany his master on a leash). And 'morbidly and overwhelmingly affectionate and loves to be cuddled, but although this is not a cat for everyone. Her voice, harsh, almost unpleasant for those who does not love him, but is rich in tone, such that the Siamese to speak with his master. Even with my eyes, which are very vivid and expressive, the man can communicate his state of mind. Sociable with other cats, but has the ability to dominate with his strong character.


Being a shorthair cat management of its coat has no problem. More than worsted, the hair must be smoothed with a soft cloth to make it even more silky and shiny and to remove dead hair. His energy "must" find an outlet in the game and in the race; loves chasing balls and stuffed mice, being a great climber needs a sturdy cat tree for climbing and practicing in eating nails.


It 'a cat has a good appetite. It can be powered with wet canned and dry food products of consistent high quality. My dog ??(for baby) must be made with ground beef, rice and vegetables and should be supplemented with vitamin products.


Cats are sexually precocious. The female reaches sexual maturity at 5 months. Better not to breed the female before 2 nd 3 rd heat (estrus). Gestation lasts up to 67 days. The litters are numerous: there are rarely any shares consist of 9 puppies. Siamese mom is an excellent nurse who takes care of the puppies with patience and dedication until they reached adulthood. Mom Siamese, which can behave as a single cavalier in childbirth becomes. Attentive and present with the little ones, try to raise them in the best way.


Siamese Breeding:

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Feline leukemia virus causes a variety of related diseases in the medium term lead to death.

The infection occurs mainly through contact nose - nose, through infected saliva, urine, contaminated blood, and feces.

The mother can infect the baby through the placenta or subsequently during lactation.

The consequences of infection with FeLV varies from cat to cat. Not all cats exposed to feline leukemia virus are infected.

* Some of the cats the disease manifests
* Part of developing an infection called "transient", but negativizzano within a year and remain chronic carriers and it seems that because of what may be "almost immune" even IVF. (It is not uncommon to see both together in the cat)
* The lucky ones, while they are exposed are not infected, or a personal and hereditary resistance, or solely because exposure to the virus was brief and was not sufficient to infect.

Symptoms and damage

FELV damage in irreparable damage to the immune system and this does not show specific symptoms as a cat Felv + is subject to any type of infection, including the most common:

Respiratory problems and oral

Digestive problems

Symptoms of the skin

Predisposition to cancer

Predisposition to anemia


The FeLV are incurable and unfortunately leads to the death of the cat in a few years. This disease seems to not even be useful to the administration of interferon, which seems rather to other diseases, give decent results.

As it turns out:

The cat begins to show symptoms of a disease related, it makes a serological test that shows blood antibodies to the disease. (If the antibodies are "old" we are in front of the case of a healthy carrier)


Is there a specific vaccine that covers more than 95% of cases at risk.

Before making the vaccine should ALWAYS be done the test FIV / FELV as it is absolutely harmful to vaccinate a sick cat to FeLV and many more vets are opposed to vaccination for FeLV FIV + cats, especially since it already immunosuppressed.


It should be remembered that there are statistics that show an increase in neoplasms inoculation (tumors caused by injections) closely associated with increasing vaccination against FeLV, so if a cat does not come into contact with cats at risk is absolutely not recommended vaccinate.

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Feline immunodeficiency syndrome very similar human immunodeficiency.

It should be noted immediately that infects DISEASE NOT IN ANY WAY THE MAN

The FIV virus attacks the cat's immune system and makes it subject to many diseases.

The infection occurs through the bite wounds through the saliva of infected cats in contact with the blood of healthy cat. For this reason, some argue that the contagion can occur through a mixed use of the bowls, but the amount of saliva in this case seems not to be sufficient if hygiene is maintained of common order.

Symptoms and damage:

The cat attacked the FIV virus, often do not show symptoms immediately, but in the medium and long term may be subject to:

* Respiratory Infections
* Urinary tract infections
* Acute Dermatitis
* Gingivitis, stomatitis and fauciti
* Loss of appetite and subsequent weight loss
* Enlarged lymph nodes
* Lethargy
Severe and continuing diarrhea
* In all these symptoms the FIV + cat is resistant to antibiotics and care in general.


IVF is incurable, over the years has come to good results by keeping the immune modulator that acts as interferon and helps the cat to defend themselves from virus infection, as it arises in the membranes of the cell and interferes with the attack virus.

Cats often immunosuppressed have a strong capacity for resistance to disease, if they live in environments hygienically protected and not subjected to stress.

An FIV + cat in the apartment, where is cared for and loved, often resists many years and is living with the disease progresses.

As it turns out:

The cat shows any of the diseases associated with FIV and is refractory to treatment, making a serological test and that in the blood are antibodies to the virus.


Unfortunately in cats, as in man there is no vaccine for FIV.

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For FIV / FELV the incubation period is about six months and therefore the test should be repeated, once the cat is out of the infection risk, after this period.


Feline infectious peritonitis.

And 'the cat disease most bastard ever known since it is really still knows very little.

No word yet on exactly what capabilities of infection has not yet know how to diagnose it even when the virus is already in the body and no one knows for sure yet how to support a cat that has contracted this disease.

The virus that attacks the body it is a particular strain of coronavirus, which is the very common cold virus, hence the great difficulty in diagnosing the disease before the cat showing symptoms lethal.

Is contracted through oral routes, feces and mucus of the cat.

The mother passes the virus to children, but this can be avoided.

The pups at birth and up to thirty days of life because they are immune from the virus covered by the mother's antibodies.

But go away from her and prematurely weaned (30 days)

The difficulty in framing this disease stems from the fact that you do not understand why some cats exhibit the disease without any reason or no contact with infected cats, and cats that live in communities where there is a virus do not manifest any symptoms either.

Some cats are also positive, but remain healthy carriers throughout life and possibly even infectious, while others who until shortly before show no symptoms die suddenly within

very short time (even days).

It 's very important that cats do not suffer any kind of positive stress because it has been noticed that in times of stress can easily become full-blown disease.

So we avoid unnecessary travel, entry of other cats, in short, anything that can put stress on the cats carry the virus.

Recall that a cat with overt disease will be negative when tested.

Also always with overt disease the cat will no longer be contagious because it spreads deeper into the virus.


The cat that is blown in a state generally manifests the following symptoms:


Weight loss

Severe dehydration and debilitation


High fever

Diarrhea and vomiting

Enlarged lymph nodes

All refractory to treatment

The FIP is manifested in two forms:

wet: ie weight loss of the cat, but abnormally swollen belly due to spill into the abdomen

dry: no payment in the abdomen

As for the wet form can make an analysis of the collected liquid to the dry form, and even that is not possible, please adhere to the history of one veterinarian.

The only question is certain at this point a biopsy post-mortem

As it turns out:

It turns out only when the cat shows the symptoms, and unfortunately it is already before the state of overt disease.

There are serological tests that detect the presence of coronavirus, but as mentioned earlier, the latter being the common cold virus is in itself very little significance unless accompanied by the story of the cat.

The cat can be good for many reasons: she had contracted a cold recently, it has long contract, having been in contact with the virus, but not be infected ... well more than anywhere else.

If the cat was positive, further examination is to do PCR, investigating the DNA of the virus and went to find out if the strain is the one that then trigger the FIP, but this test still has a significant error rate.

The only certain method is the autopsy.


The FIP is incurable, FIP + healthy cats are now supported with interferon, but there is no evidence that it produces interesting results.

As for FIV + cats, but in any case as to all the sick cats, a life without stress and in a sanitary condition greatly helps the animal to live longer.


And 'market in America and some European countries such as Switzerland, an intranasal vaccine called Primucell Fip.

The vaccine covers 75% of the disease.

Cats were vaccinated with Primucell Fip, the upcoming test will be positive.

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