This breed is a native of Siam (Thainlandia) and was introduced in Europe in the nineteenth century. The first aircraft took off at the Crystal Palace exhibition in London in 1871, but being very different from the classic domestic felines known at the time (the English were accustomed to animals from the uniform color, even called him the "cat's nightmare", not collected any successful. Some years later, Owen Gould, British consul in Bangkok, in love with this animal so unusual, elegant and refined, after seeing him at the court of Pradjadipok, King of Siam, succeeded, by bribing a servant of the sovereign, get a pair of this breed as a gift to his sister, residing in the capital. This time the two cats, named Pho and Mia, presented a new cat show in London in 1891 met with, unlike their predecessors, the appreciation and the 'involvement of the public and officially recognized, became founders of the European race. It is said that King Pradjadipok keep it so jealously her cats threaten to kill anyone who tried to portaglieli on.
The Thai is a medium-sized cat, by the usual structure, compact, robust but elegant. It has a rounded and well muscled physique.
Weight: up to 4 kg male, the female hand reaches up to 3.5 kg
Average life: over 15 years
Ears: Broad at the base and well spaced apart, are medium sized with rounded tips.
Head and muzzle with well-rounded cheeks and strong nose with a slight indentation.
Eyes: lemon-shaped have a blue-blue very bright.
Tail: Medium length is a little thick at the base, but tapers to a point.
Legs: muscular and well proportioned with oval paws.
Coat: glossy, thick, short and slightly sloping. The tip of the hair must be dark in color, contrasting with the color of the coat.
BLUE POINT: end gray / blue, white body with dirt.
SEAL POINT: abdomen and extremities dark brown with cream-colored body.
LILAC POINT: end gray / pink with a white body cream.
CHOCOLATE POINT: end brown / brown colored body with white markings, or ivory-colored shell of the turtle with clear coat.
TABBY POINT: striped markings of any color (listed).
The Thai is a sweet cat and expansive, becomes attached to a particular person. Meows frequently to get what they want. Dynamic and playful, however, does not suffer from loneliness. It 's also a great "playful" and loves to curl up on the shoulders of his master's lap. Usually has no problems with either cats or other pets. Suffers from the cold; need, therefore, of a doghouse comfortable and warm. It 's suitable for people who live alone and the elderly as being lively and "chatty" is a great company against loneliness. Children, to which it shows very patient, it is good to get him used since childhood to let him "tinker". He loves to play with everything you see rolling around the house and is very skilled and put in grasping small objects or rubber balls. There remains a great playful as an adult. The Thai cat is calm and suitable for apartment living, but like, if possible, a small space outside the house. Appreciates the outdoor walks and adapts well to travel by car, as the most important thing for him to stay by his "family". A peculiarity of Thai is his willingness to be led on a leash. But it is good to get them used from an early age, starting to stick it in the house for a few minutes a day and trying to camminargli to side, then gradually increasing the duration of the lesson and when he has learned, you can also groped for him to walk in the garden or in unfrequented roads. But if cat is not behaving as we should now do not be nervous or strattonarla: it would be counterproductive. Instead of a simple collar, it is better to use the harness, harnessing the neck to front legs: so that the "taking" is stronger.
The coat of the Thai does not require special care. Just brush it once or twice a week using first a soft natural bristle brush then a comb metal tooth comb for mantenergli the hair clean and healthy. During the grooming, you should carefully inspect the skin of the cat because, sometimes, there may be parasites. If kitty needs to be washed using a mild shampoo or a specific product, it is better not to wash it often (2 times a year are sufficient), in this way are not altered systems of protection for skin and coat. To polish the hair you can use a piece of silk, velvet or suede.
You can either opt for a diet of processed foods or foods prepared at home. Important is to vary as much as possible, alternating feed specific cat meat, fish, some vegetables, cheese and eggs. It 'a cat very fond of fish, especially tuna and salmon.
The female should not be made the first play of the 2 nd heat, that after years of age. The first symptoms of pregnancy are observed around 20 ° day with the redness of the nipple. The cat will gain weight (depending on the number of pups). He has swelling of the abdomen. Gestation lasts about two months and are born on average 4 to 5 kittens per litter. Weaning ends in 2 months. The cat does not need special care: has had enough, in fact, a box or a basket lined inside with blankets or newspapers. Newborn kittens have closed eyelids and ears folded back.
The itching in cats is a very common symptom is not always linked to the presence of a particular disease or parasites.
The cats are scratching frequently during the course of the day simply in response to a stimulus generic pruritic.
In addition, the itching is a symptom individual which manifests itself in different forms from subject to subject.
The itch, in general, can become a problem, when the cat scratch without stop for most of the day.
In any case it is best to consult your veterinarian to determine the cause of the itching.
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The flea lives feeding on the blood of its host and reproduces at an incredible speed, a female can lay up to 50 eggs each day, which are dispersed in the environment where the animal lives and hatch after about ten days, creating transparent larvae (2 mm). The larvae are hidden in places sheltered from direct light (such as rugs, carpets or sofas) and, within 1-2 weeks, you play a protective cocoon that can afford the repairs and
their survival even for a year. Will leave the cocoon only be felt when the proximity of a warm blooded organism on which jump immediately, and continue to feed the production cycle.
The conditions of temperature and humidity inside the house favor their survival even in the coldest months and then, if not properly controlled, can become pests and sting the man.
A severe infestation disturbs the animal is forced to scratch furiously; the saliva of this parasite then the allergenicity and in some subjects can cause severe allergic dermatitis. In addition, fleas can transmit the animals a flat worm, tapeworm. This causes problems parasite in the intestine. The tapeworm is visible as it is excreted in the feces of infected animals, in the form of proglottids, whitish fragments dishes.
The cat, the fleas can "see" using a magnifying glass.
Thus, it should be raised the hair of the animal and one tries long along the whole body the presence of these mobile animals, 2 mm long, red-brown.
Also be sought black-brown spots similar to grains of sand at the base of the hair on the head, neck and back: they are the excrement of the flea.
Fleas are very difficult to grasp and, therefore, it is useless to try to remove them with your hands.
To determine the presence, the fleas to be found several times a day because they live on the body of the animal for food (4 - 5 hours per day) and not always the time of the research coincides with the presence of these parasites.
There are several products on the market in outdoor flea (collars, shampoos, powders, sprays and spot-on vials) and a drug to be administered by mouth that inhibits development. Among the products for external use, bear in mind that the collars can ruin the coat and, if they are not elastic, they can become dangerous for cats "wanderers", the spray is so poorly tolerated and shampoo, unless the animal is not was used to bathe himself. The powder products, mousse or vials spot-ons are best for outdoor use pesticides, especially, the vials are easy to apply in those very treatable.
Remember that fleas can become "resistant" to the various principles and pesticides will be useful, therefore, vary the type of product over the years. Furthermore, it is always useful to run a deep cleaning of carpets and carpet floors and above, if possible using steam engines. Nevertheless, if we find the haunted house, is well suited to use pesticides to the environment.
The emobartonellosi, is a disease caused by a parasite, which enters the blood of our cat, through a vector, in this case the flea. Unfortunately Emobartonella is a chronic disease that remains in the cat, even if symptoms disappear, and it may happen that the cat has backfired.
The Emobartonella has spread worldwide.
Prevention: To prevent emobartonella you need to keep constantly in the cat flea treatment, because if the infected flea has no chance to bite the cat, it can not become infected.
Most at risk: cats most at risk are those who can go out in the open, but not out of danger are those who live exclusively indoors.
The season of greatest risk is the hot season, where the number of fleas is higher.
Symptoms: depression, loss of appetite, weight loss, anemia more or less strong, heightening or lowering the temperature, dizziness, in severe cases, breathing difficulties and white or bluish mucous membranes, enlarged liver, enlarged spleen and lymph nodes. In general, the first two or three weeks are free of symptoms.
It also seems that cats are the ones most affected ranging from 4 to 8 years of age.
Diagnosis: Diagnosis is via blood test, smear on a slide, or by detection of parasite DNA in the blood of the cat through the PCR, it is the safest.
Transmission: In addition to the carrier, the emobartonella can be transmitted transplacentally, during birth by contact with the blood of an infected mother during breastfeeding, or through transfusions of infected blood.
The cure: a cure antibiotic doxycycline-based (vibravet, ronaxan) in general enough to make seemingly heal the cat. I say apparently because the cat will remain a carrier lifetime of the parasite, and may be subject to relapse especially when in times of stress such as illness, pregnancy, surgery.
Cats who live with those who host the parasite, must always be under flea treatment, to avoid being bitten and become infected.
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There are specific parasites of cats that live on the skin and cause flaking and itching morsicandola. The adult insects are identified with difficulty while their whitish eggs (nits) are easily visible on the hair. Does not affect humans.
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Rarely affect cats, but those who live in the country in contact with dogs and other animals. They live by sucking the blood of their host and, after feeding, they swell quickly reaching very large (even of a pea). They are often mistaken by the owner for cysts or tumors on the skin. We must remove them with special care because they can rupture, releasing the blood, potentially infectious, they contain. In order you can use tweezers or a special plastic tool making sure to pull out the ram stein inserted into the skin, which if left within the animal can cause a small granuloma.
Ticks are external parasites of domestic and wild animals, which may result in the subject struck a series of more or less serious problems, as appropriate. These pests can be carried by sheep, birds and stray animals from a greater distance and therefore their diffusion is rapid and extensive, being also favored by the large number of eggs that each female lays each reproductive cycle. Ticks suck the blood of the host and then they mate, after which the females are pregnant drop to the ground to lay their eggs, which have a shell very resistant to most pesticides on the market. The newly hatched young ticks are put on hold to climb and some animals can be kept without food for long periods of time, when they can get on the guest, now begin to fill with blood, then mate and the cycle begins again. When the outside temperature drops below 10-12 degrees or rises above 25-30, or when there is' little humidity, ticks take refuge underground, where they remain for months, waiting for the environmental conditions improve. The most common problem caused by ticks and 'anemia due to blood loss, which can cause extreme weakness, delayed growth, weight loss and death. In addition some ticks are carriers of a blood parasite, which enters the red blood cells and breaks it, causing a serious disease in dogs called "piroplasmosis" which is manifested by lack of appetite, high fever, depression, tremors, and especially (but not always) very dark-colored urine, sometimes coffee-like. As regards the fight against ticks, keep in mind that:
Since the eggs very strong, you have to program a processing environment to the week for at least 4 weeks, to kill ticks straight out from the eggs, before they start to lay them once and for these treatments can be used in products commonly sales in the chemist or agricultural consortia, taking care, however to move the animals until the sprayed area is dry;
Commercial products for use in the environment should never be used as such and on animals because they are all toxic and therefore must be properly diluted and used only for washing sponge and never complete;
When making treatment of the environment, the product must be sprayed everywhere, making attention to shaded areas, cracks and crevices of floors, walls and fixtures of wood, because here we create the conditions most favorable to the hatching of eggs.
Although the human skin and 'not suitable for setting up of these parasites, and' was reported some cases of tempering of ticks on people, especially (but not exclusively) in areas of the body most equipped with hairs in the case this occurs, however rare, occurrence, and 'should immediately consult your doctor and let him remove the parasite from the body and to take therapeutic measures it deems necessary.
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Cats and Ticks
If we think of what is exclusively a dog ticks, we are wrong. Even cats can be victims of these annoying pests.
It happens both in the countryside than in cities, especially those cats have a habit of running away from home for a walk. In the fields it is easy for the ticks were left on the ground by a flock of sheep or by a dog. And the carriers of parasites in the city are the pigeons that flock to the town centers.
Belonging to the same family of spiders, ticks are not true insects. They have eight legs and in fact are not like the insects proper. They are parasites that lurk on the body of mammals and suck their blood. But this activity is carried out only by the female. The blood, which is highly nutritious meal for her, she needs to mature eggs. A tick can suck up so much blood to swell to the size of a pea, in a few days by increasing its size by more than two hundred times. They are extremely resistant animals. They can stay on the ground even more than a year without eating, waiting to pass a dog or cat on which to take refuge. That's why you should always check your pet if you have stayed in an area where a flock. That lawn can actually be full of ticks.
He scoviamo one of our cat's fur, we should not become alarmed. There is no need to call the vet, it is only necessary in case of severe pest infestation.
If it is a single brand can easily delete it, being careful to a couple of things. First of all you should not rip off the skin of the cat. The mouth parts of the tick is formed by a series of hooks that are embedded in the skin and which allow a certain stability. If you tear the mint, these hooks can remain under the skin, causing infection. The thing to do instead is to "let go" to the mint. For this there are different systems.
You can pour alcohol on the parasite, or a few drops of clear nail polish for nails, before removing it. Or you can light a match, turn it off right away and put down the hot heads on the tick killing her instantly.
The old Andrew, a farmer who lives near me and that is my "guru" with regard to life in the country, told me an old remedy: you must pay the brand a bit 'of olive oil, then take two fingers and "unscrew" counter-clockwise to disengage the hooks from the skin. The Nobel laureate Karl von Frisch, large animal scientist, in his book suggests another trick. The Austrian scientist says to glue a patch on the brand and leave for at least one full day. Due to chemical irritation caused by the adhesive of the patch and the lack of air, the tick withdraws its hooks, and remaining attached to the patch, it becomes very easy to remove. Von Frisch warns against great resistance of ticks. Once removed from the skin of the cat, is not sufficient to throw it in the trash but the only way to eliminate it is to kill squashing.
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LYME DISEASE OR borreliosis
Lyme disease or borreliosis is a bacterial infection that affects the joints, nervous system, internal organs and skin.
A cause it is a bacteria of the family of spirochetes, which occurs in nature mainly in wild mice, but not only, because occasionalemnte other wild animals such as foxes, hares and birds are carriers, thus making sure that the bterio to spread more easily.
Ticks of the Ixodes genus that are commonly found in the Alpine region are the primary vector for this beat.
Sucking blood from an infected animal itself take the beating that they then pass to other healthy animals through their bite.
Ticks tend to bite all warm-blooded animals, dogs, cats etc.. etc.. including humans, through a bite that is not painful and when we find it hard to notice.
Where they live ticks and their habitat: we begin by saying that not all ticks are carrying the beat.
They live on earth, the grass on the edge of the woods, near the bushes, and near streams.
The climate must be temperate, and prefer a humid climate.
The period of greatest concentration is from spring to autumn, but are also present in winter.
Symptoms: The first and most common symptom in humans is via a reddening of the skin that will gradually become more extensive and it appears from 4 to 60 days after the bite.
This does not occur in animals where it occurs with a strong limp caused by joint pain, chronic arthritis, weakness, increased temperature, lack of appetite, nervous symptoms and rarely cardiomyopathy.
How to prevent it: unfortunately the market does not yet have a vaccine but there are precautions you can take.
Remember to keep our animals protected by the tick bite with excellent pesticide, which is important during hot weather, but keep in considerazioen throughout the year.
This will ensure that our animals have the least chance of contracting the disease and to make that can not be a vehicle of infection to ourselves in our homes carrying the parasite.
Remember to keep as much as possible the low grass of our garden to make sure that they can not find too favorable environment.
Care: is by common antibiotics (amoxicillin, coxiciclina, penicillin) and before you can begin to heal more quickly.
Article written by: Arianna (zaari70) mordergattona the forum micimiao
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INFECTIOUS DISEASES OF THE SKIN
Infectious diseases of the skin can be caused by microscopic fungi or yeast and bacterial microorganisms and produce intense itching. These diseases are identified by the veterinarian through some specific tests.
For each of them there are specific antibiotic therapy, which generally extend over at least three weeks.
It 's very important not to discontinue the medication, not to frustrate the efforts and success of treatment.
So-called cutaneous mycoses cause localized or diffuse lesions presenting without hairs or with broken hairs, and with a moderate or significant irritation.
If the injuries are obvious and well localized, the veterinarian can easily make the diagnosis. But there are people (like the Persians), who despite having the disease not the symptoms presentiment and then it will be difficult to locate a veterinarian.
This disease usually affects young cats stray, emaciated and living in unhygienic conditions; cats living in the house can become infected from contact with these infected cats.
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There are small parasites, said mites, which cause a skin disease known by the name of mange. The sarcoptic mange and Cheyletiella are among the most itchy and must be addressed in a timely manner because they can greatly worsen and, in part, to annoy the man.
The mange or scabies is a parasitic disease that lurks in the upper layers of the skin and causes severe inflammation with intense itching, hair loss and scabs. The areas most affected are the head, ears and neck.
It occurs mainly in stray cats and is very rare in the home.
The diagnosis can be made only with the microscopic observation of the mites.
Otoacariasi The headset is a very contagious mange, affecting domestic animals and leads to the development of severe otitis ceruminoso type.
This parasite, a tiny mite, because often unbearable itching that leads to severe episodes of self-harm by our animals
They cause problems only if present in large numbers. We clean your cat's ears regularly and controlliamole: the mites are very contagious and often attack all animals in the house. The parasites reproduce very quickly especially in hot weather. Initially no problems but with each passing week ear infection cause very unpleasant for the cat. If you drag the parasites without being treated seriously damage the eardrum and lead to deafness.
Better to visit now that the cat has ear wax black and stinking, scratching his ears and shakes his head. Your veterinarian can easily find the mites and prescribe the proper treatment that is to put a few drops of medicine in the ears of the cat for about a week. Before putting the drops, however, we must try to remove as much wax as possible with a black cotton ball or swab ear hygiene.
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How to clean your cat's ears
Imbeviamo a cotton ball with a little 'oil cleaner for children and remove the wax present.
We clean the ears gently with circular movements but never push the swab into the internal auditory canal.
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Even allergies can be itchy.
The allergies can not be distinguished from each other just by looking at the animal surface.
They must, however, be diagnosed by the vet, after a general examination of the animal and with the help of specific tests.
The most common form of allergy is caused by flea saliva.
Even in the presence of only one parasite, the cat is scratching frantically and eventually develop skin infections that complicate the picture of the disease significantly.
There are also other allergies, defined "atopie", caused in most cases by dust mites.
Cats may also scratch because of hypersensitivity or intolerance to food or severe hypersensitivity to insect bites.