The Tonkinese cat was born in 1960 in the United States of America, more specifically in New Jersey, Miss Jane Barletta began to create a new breed of cats, cat breed by crossing a Siamese with a Burmese cat breed, assisted by Miss Margaret Conroy, that in Canada where he lived, did the same thing.
With time, people born from these first crosses were coupled together with the aim of creating a final standard and the new breed was called Tonkinese, which was officially recognized in 1979 by TICA (The International Cat Association) and the CFA (Cat Fancier Association), the two most prestigious association in the feline world.
Size: medium, can weigh from 2.5 kg to 5.5 kg
Head: it has rounded edges, the nose just rounded with a slight stop, cheeks and cheekbones.
Ears: Medium size, broad at the base end with oval tips.
Eyes are oblique with an exclusive color of the breed that goes dall'acquamarina to light turquoise.
Body: it is proportionate, with the rear part a little higher.
Legs: thin but strong muscles.
Tail: long as the body.
Coat: short and fine, silky and shiny like Mink, is adherent to the body.
Colors: Currently the 4 recognized colors are:
Natural / Seal (mink-brown body and dark brown on the tips),
Chocolate / Champagne (cream-colored body light brown and medium brown tips)
Blue (body blue-gray and toes blue-gray slate most intense),
Lilac / Platinum (gray body of ice and light gray peaks).
The Mink Tonkinese can be, or Solid Point, the colors listed above remain the same, although small differences are created.
The Mink Tonkinese has the characteristic color of the eyes called "sea water", a feature not present in any other breed of cats and the way the tips are less pronounced with the rest of the body.
The Tonkinese Point has blue eyes and blue and the tips are extremely pronounced than the rest of the body.
The Tonkinese Solid (or Sepia) has yellow-green eyes and the tips of the coat are virtually invisible, so it give the effect of a cat by the uniform color
The Tonkinese cat is a very sociable, outgoing and adaptable features such as strong enough to be used in the United States of America in pet therapy. The Tonkinese is an intelligent person and is not suitable for all those people who have little time for him or expecting a cat "comfortable" that it remains in a chair for hours, constantly seeking the proximity of people and suffers very lonely if is not reciprocated.
It requires a weekly brushing with a horsehair glove to keep the coat shiny and clean. It 'a very strong cat that hardly gets sick and has no genetically inheritable diseases.
It should be fed with care without continuous changes in the diet: if you get used to feed a specific make and better not varierla suddenly. To prevent theft from the table, as well as digestive problems, you should get used to only eat from his bowl, and only with specific food for cats (to be chosen and dosed according to their age and weight)
The mother is very caring and are rather small in the early weaning.
The Breeder Marcus Bergamaschi has provided some information to build the board of Cats Tonkinese
* THE COLORS OF THE MANTLE OF THE CAT
* THE COLORS OF CATS
* A CAT FOR EVERY COLOR
* ALLERGY TO CAT HAIR
* HOW TO CURE THE MANTLE OF THE CAT
* HOW TO WASH THE CAT
* HAIR AND CLOTHES
THE COLORS OF THE MANTLE
The cat "original" was short-haired, black and striped.
A series of spontaneous genetic mutations, to match the surrounding countryside, has introduced the colors, designs and the hair of various lengths, thus arriving to the varieties of today.
The first cat was black.
The original cat (called WILD TAPE) was black with tabby stripes on the back and center stripes perpendicular to it, this type of coat is called BROWN TABBY TIGREE ', if the stripes on the sides are broken up to form small dots, the design is called SPOTTED TABBY.
The first design has undergone changes that have led to other designs: the best known is called tabby blotched here makes the shoulders and hips form a figure with wings of butterfly.
The other, the Abyssinian drawing in which there is no real pattern, but every single hair color bands of alternating light and dark. This color is typical of the breed Abyssinian and Somali and is called HARE.
A genetic modification has enabled the introduction of a normal red pigmentation without two new colors; RED true; the CREAM, a diluted color derived from red. In addition there are the coats: Scale of TURTLE, if in addition to red is also black; BLUCREMA, if the color is a mix between blue and these colors are crema.Quando no pattern selfi are called "two-tone" are three.
Another genetic variation introduced sized white, all the cats that are part white and part of the coat color are called bicolor.
The two colors have three sizes:
The Bicolore proper, in which the color is present for a third of the coat;
The 'Harlequin, where white represents five-sixths of the mantle;
The van, in which color is confined to head and tail.
The coats of the colored tips
The colored tips or the Colorpoint are sometimes the only color typical of a breed (Thai, Siamese, Ragdoll, Balinese). A curiosity: a cat with antique ivory-colored body, the nose, ears, tail and feet very dark brown, is a Colorpoint SEAL POINT.
Shades of Black:
The color black has undergone changes in tone: it is therefore possible to have the designs first cited in:
Chocolate, whose background color is reminiscent of a chocolate fondant;
Cinnamon, a delicious cinnamon;
Blue, gray with different tones;
Lavender, is the color of lavender crops;
Fawn, a pale-colored buckskin.
The silver capes or Silver
The SILVER TABBY has bands of color shades of silver stripes instead of yellow.
The Chinchilla which takes its name from the rodent, is presented with a silver white undercoat and the tip of the hair color that represents about one-eighth of total length;
The SILVER SHADED is darker than the chinchilla because the colored part of the mantle is about one third of the total length of the hair;
The SMOKE, also called the mantle of the contrast because only a small part of the hair is silver white, the one nearest to the root and the rest of the hair is colored.
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The color of cats
I recently visited a cat show. I was surrounded by hundreds and hundreds of cats of different breeds, large and small, stout, thin, with long and short hair, combed and perfumed. Eyes of any kind that I watched with curiosity, or that remained veiled from boredom, because very often the cats from competitions prove to be a bit 'tired of being manipulated and being exposed to the public.
One is always struck on such occasions, the great variety of colors of cats. They look just among the most colorful animals that we are. Despite all belong to the same species, the colors of their coat varies greatly from black to white to red to blue, until you go through a whole series of shades and stains and designs.
Obviously, the selection was made by man to create all these changes because in nature, in the wild, cats would not exist white or red or bluish hue as the hair from the Carthusian. It would be impossible for an animal with these colors remain hidden and ambush their prey.
To realize just see a white cat walking in a meadow. His movements, furtive and wary as they may be, stand out clearly from a greater distance. When my cat Kundry, who is white, up the hill in front of the house stands out clearly from afar. It always gives me some thought because the buzzards, the large birds of prey campaign, can easily identify from the air.
It is understandable therefore why cats white or red or other colors are usually pretty obvious for bad hunters. The prey, especially birds that have a sharp eye "tuned" on the right color, you immediately notice their presence and are useless efforts of the cats that are flattened to the ground or try to avoid being seen ducking behind the trunk of a tree.
Very lucky hunting in the activity are spotted or striped cats that manage to blend in better in the high grass or leaves of the trees. In fact, the staining maculata is the most primitive that is more like that of wild ancestor of all domestic cats. Even today, the Wildcats have a coat that is called "agouti" is, in which each individual hair is black, or brown, with yellow tip. Such a cloak is invisible in the dense foliage of the undergrowth and allows feral cats to survive by killing small animals they eat.
From a cloak "agouti" breeders have achieved, over the years, different colors through breeding and selection. The Persians, for example, can be blacks, white, chocolate, red, beige, blue, cream. But this concerns the recognized breeds and colors of hair that cats are allowed in competitions.
Outside the circle of cats with pedigree, color combinations are endless. The stray cats are the example and very often the color of their coat reveals interesting details. For example, cats living in northern countries have a limited amount of white fur, unlike those who live further south. A cat completely white then it can also be easily muffled because the gene that causes the malformation of the inner ear is connected to what determines the color white. And the cats so-called "on scale of turtle" ie blacks, white and red are for the most part of the female sex.
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A cat for each color
It is said that there is a close relationship between the hair color of people and their character. For example, it seems that red hair are signs of impulsiveness and extravagance. I remember my grandmother used to say that "more and bon of red and gà copa seems to know" that is "as good reds killed his father," to indicate that people with auburn hair you always take with a grain of salt. Her blond hair instead reflect gentleness and ponderanza - If blondes are not always at the top of men's preferences - and hair belong to people very affectionate. Those blacks are typical of extremely tough and practical.
That all this is true or is just a figment of imagination, it can be hard to say exactly. It should be noted that the physiognomy, the science that seeks to define the character, starting from physical, highly regarded and is also based on hair color.
But the question that cat lovers will make it "also applies to the fur of cats?". E 'can therefore predict the nature of a cat the color of its fur?
On this topic have been conducted various researches. Have shown that, in principle quite general, cats with the same color of the coat, such as the reddish, tend to have very similar behavior. Just the red-haired cats have been shown to be the most intelligent, the most reactive and therefore more easily than the ones that can be trained to also perform complicated exercises such as opening and closing doors or bring objects to his master. Cats with the coat of black spots, white and red, which are called "shell of a turtle" and that, for a genetic cause, are almost all female, are eager to cuddle, but only physical contact with people. In fact they hate the most absolute way to share their space with other animals. The all-white cats are the sweetest and most who become attached to his master, developing in him a great affection. Because of a genetic defect, many white-haired cats are born deaf and this, as explained by the English expert Desmond Morris in his famous book "Catwatching", would make them the bad mothers. Because of their disabilities because they can not hear the howls of their pets and then can not rush them when someone is in danger.
Cats with the character stronger, but even the most tolerant, were found to be those blacks. They are most proud and indomitable, but, unlike others, willingly bear to live in large groups. Cats blacks, because of their character in one piece, are the "cats citizens" par excellence. It 'been found that more than half of ownerless cats living in cities are black. I can cope in any situation and are therefore suitable to live in a difficult and often dangerous as that of the metropolis. Not bad for the cats that are still in Italy, considered bearers of bad luck. Thank goodness that such beliefs are not found everywhere. In England, for example, a black cat is a symbol of joy and prosperity. In the county of Yorkshire, people think that if a black cat comes early in the morning in the bedroom, the day will be beautiful and successful.