Scottish Fold - Highland Fold

In 1961, in Scotland, the shepherd William Ross and his wife Mary, the country of Tayside, both passionate cat lovers, they noticed a white cat named Susie with folded ears who lived in the neighboring farm. At the age of two years, Susie, gave birth to two kittens promptly returned the same type of ears. Pastor William, intrigued and fascinated by the characteristics of these cats, they wanted one. Snooks adopted daughter Susie, and from the intersection with a British Shorthair was born a beautiful white male, named Snowball, ripresentandosi the characteristic curvature of the ears. It was well established in the feline world a new breed of cats that Mr and Mrs Ross recorded in 1966 under the name Scottish Fold. The adjective "Fold" in English means "Hold", and the mutation that causes the original shape of the ears was called "Folder Ear", ie "Bend Ears". He went immediately to the selection, but unfortunately appeared to dangerous anomalies, related to the gene mutated in the ears, like, the tail and joint abnormalities. Britain then took the decision in 1973 to block the selection and registration by GCCF . In 1971, Mary Ross sent some specimens Fold to Neil Todd, an American geneticist of Massachusetts, who continued the selection. In order to improve joint problems crossed the Scottish Fold with British Shorthair, Exotic Shorthair and American Shorthair.
Since a Fold coupled with these breeds, leading to the birth of puppies that are distinguished by temperament, strength and above all good health, this technique was adopted to promote the breeding and spread of this unique cat. But not all puppies in a litter will have folded ears: Some, called "Straights," will have straight ears. These subjects are not discarded, indeed are again used in the coupling with the fold because, with the exception of the ears, have the morphological characteristics typical of the Scottish Fold. Thanks to these intersections race could again be raised without fear more, with the only sure not to couple two Fold each other but always with other cats from the ears straight. In the years to come before the C.F.A. then the T.I.C.A. recognized the breed, achieving great success in the United States. Unlike in Europe has remained a relatively rare cat, it has not been recognized either by the FIFE nor by G.C.C.F. I'm still mates with authorized breeds: British Shorthair and American Shorthair.
General Appearance

At birth the kittens have small ears bent forward, as in all cats, and only two weeks when the other races stand on end, reveal the characteristic folds. Robust and rounded appearance in all its forms, presents a skeleton covered with a good average muscle. His ears, bent forward, giving a rounded appearance to the head. This feature also participate in the big round eyes, which look very sweet. Sometimes the tight turn around the mouth gives the appearance of a smiling cat. The Scottish Fold is a very affectionate cat. Its tail is slender, of medium length, but always in proportion to body. When choosing a Scottish Fold kitten must be careful to make sure that there are no defects causing poor health of the subject. Therefore need to focus on the legs, there must be no mention of lack of mobility due to the limbs are too short, the flexibility of the tail, this can occur along with your hand, slightly curved, the length of the tail, acting with gently. If the queue has good flexibility, this arching movement can be done without causing discomfort to the cat. It requires a clean environment, adequate nutrition and a hearty dose of cuddles and love.
Character

It 'a cat loving, meek and company, who loves both the presence of humans and other animals. The female turns out to be an excellent mother. The kittens are very early, very playful but not destructive. Cats are suitable for apartment living wing but also like the outputs in the garden, where it will stand out as excellent hunters of mice. Very attached to his master, who tend to follow anywhere. He needs company, so will have to be left alone by the shortest possible time. Very curious, playing with small objects, hiding anything that attracts him. Strong, resistant, tolerates low temperatures.

Scottish Fold Cat Scottish Fold Blue (pierre.fedeli.free.fr photos)
Care

This sweet cat must be very careful cleaning of the ears, because the wax tends to accumulate in the folds attracting vermin and dirt, giving problems of infection and lowering of hearing. The cleaning of the ear and the folds of the ears should be done very gently and with a certain constancy. The coat, short and thick, remains in good condition with a minimum of cleaning with brush and comb. In moult will be necessary to brush it every day carefully removing dead hair.
Variety of colors

The range of permitted colors is very wide. Among the varieties permitted are:
the Solid, in the colors: white, with blue eyes, but they are tolerated or even coppery learn, that is, one blue and one copper, pink will be the feet and palms of the nose, Blue, all shades of blue are accepted, with copper-colored eyes, nose and fingertips blue, black, uniform color of the hair from root to tip, with copper-colored eyes, fingertips, and the truffle blacks, cream, copper-colored eyes, fingertips and pink nose, red, copper-colored eyes, nose pads and brick red.
In addition to the colors Solid exists in the drawings:
- Tabby, in the classical model, mackerek or tiger, spotted and ticked, recognized in Blue, Cream, Red, Brown, Silver and Cameo;
- Tortie (shell of the turtle) in Blue or Black and Cream Red and Cream;
- Smoke, Blue in color, black or Cameo, Silver, shaded or chinchilla.
Are excluded colors and designs that show hybridization: Colorpoint, Chocolate, Lilac, or the same combined with white.
Standard

Category: Short hair.
Build: Medium.
Body: Strong and well rounded, without ever being short and heavy, with medium bone.
Coat: soft, short, thick and strong.
HEAD: well rounded and wide, set on a neck short but powerful. The cheeks are full and developed.
Eyes: Large and round with a sweet expression.
Nose: a gentle curve and small with a slight stop at eye level.
Ears: small, hunched down, as much as possible close to the skull, in a position to "cap" that exhibits the round skull. The tips of the ears are rounded.
Arts: short, medium-boned.
Feet: Round and proportionate.
Tail: Medium to long, flexible, straight, tapering towards the tip.
Penalty: Missing Features, Presence of a depression called the nose, tail folded or reduced; Tail lacking in flexibility due to abnormally thick vertebrae; Any evidence of disease or ill health of the cat; color resulting from hybridization.

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